Selling and Administrative Expense Budget

Selling and administrative expense budget is a schedule of planned operating expenses other than manufacturing costs. It is a component of master budget and it is prepared by all types of businesses (i.e. manufacturers, retailers and service providers) before the preparation of budgeted income statement. Usually it is divided in two sections: the selling expenses and the administrative expenses.

Both selling expenses and administrative expense may be fixed or variable (see cost behaviour). For example sales commission and freight cost on sales are variable selling expenses where as sales salaries are fixed selling expenses. Similarly depreciation and rent on office building are fixed administrative expenses whereas office supplies and utilities expense are variable administrative expenses.

Different variable selling and administrative expenses vary with different types activities. For example sales commission vary with number of units sold, entertainment expenses with number of employees in the organization etc., therefore an accurate selling and administrative expenses budget can be made by using activity based costing.

Format and Example

The following example illustrates the format of a typical selling and administrative expense budget:

Company A
Selling and Administrative Expense Budget
For the Year Ending December 30, 2010
 
 Quarter 
 1234Year
Budgeted Selling Expenses:
Sales Commission$2,620$2,380$2,410$3,590$11,000
Freight-out3,8903,5103,0505,03015,480
Budgeted Admin. Expenses:
Office Rent8,0008,0008,0008,00032,000
Office Salaries10,00010,00010,00010,00040,000
Office Supplies1,1201,0301,5602,3706,080
Miscellaneous Expenses7007007007002,800
Total Selling & Admin. Expense$26,330$25,620$25,720$29,690$107,360

Written by Irfanullah Jan